Water hickory, Carya aquatica, is a major constituent of clay flats, sloughs, and backwater areas near streams and rivers of the South. Water hickory trees reproduces aggressively from both seed and sprouts; regenerate aggressively in swamps and wetlands, and can also be grown as shade trees.Also known as Bitter Pecan, Water Hickory attains its best growth on moist but well-drained loamy or silt-type soil. It can survive on poorly drained, tight textured soils that are flooded in winter and parched in summer.The male and female flowers appear in spring, while the leaves are developing, and the male flowers are in stalked catkins on branches of the current or previous year. The female flowers are in short spikes or stalks.This hickory is best known for its use in smoking meats, such as ham and bacon, whose rich, hickory-smoked flavor are a southern tradition.The Water Hickory is a spectacular tree, yielding many hickory nuts that are wrinkled and bitter tasting. These nuts are extremely popular with wildlife, including wild hogs, wood ducks and squirrels!* Regenerates aggressively* Food for wildlife* Wetlands.
The Mockernut Hickory tree, Carya tomentosa, is also called a White Hickory, Whiteheart Hickory, Hognut and Bullnut.The gray bark of this tree is marked with branching ridges and deep furrows. The twigs are stout and reddish-brown to grayish-brown in color. Mockernut Hickory is so named because the nuts are large but with thick shells and very small kernels. The unusually small kernels from the nuts are sweet and edible. This tree grows well on rich, moist, well-drained soils of upland areas. Mockernut Hickory trees grow throughout most of the eastern United States and westward to eastern Texas. It is most common in the southern part of its range and grows very slowly.As with the Shagbark Hickory, the wood of this tree is hard, strong, tough and elastic, and is used in handles for tools and in athletic equipment.It is long lived, sometimes reaching the age of 500 years! This and the other hickories are very desirable both for forest and shade trees. * Edible nuts* Slow growing* Long lived .
Grow Sweet Nuts on a Beautiful TreeThe Shagbark Hickory tree has a distinctive, shaggy bark, conspicuous on tall straight trees, which gives this species its name.It grows well in both wet and dry areas, but prefers well-drained soils. Shagbark hickory trees are also called Shellbark, Bigleaf Shagbark, Kingnut, Big Shellbark, Bottom Shellbark, Thick Shellbark, and Western Shellbark, all of which attest to some of this trees characteristics. It is a slow-growing long-lived tree. Some have been known to live up to 200 years.The nuts are the largest of all hickory trees. They are sweet, edible and will be enjoyed by people and wildlife. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles. The wood also makes excellent firewood, and often is used in smoking meat.As with other edible nuts, squirrels compete with humans for this fruit. Its bold-textured, jagged branch structure and thick twigs give it a striking appearance in winter. This deciduous shade tree has brilliant yellow fall color.Ships Fall 2013* Edible Nuts* Interesting Bark* Long Lived Tree .
The Pignut Hickory tree, Carya glabra, has medium green broad, flat leaves and firm, gray bark. The bark may be marked in a sort of diamond pattern by shallow furrows and narrow ridges.This tree grows well in fairly rich, well drained to dry soils. It occurs with other hickories and with oaks, characteristically on hillsides and ridges. This tree has spreading, often drooping, branches forming a tall, narrow crown.Pignut Hickory trees, as with other hickories, has wood that is heavy, hard, strong and flexible. It is used to manufacture handles for different tools, floorings, cabinets, and veneer for furniture.The nuts of this particular hickory, unlike some of the others, are bitter and scarcely edible. This fruit is a pear-shaped nut that is 1 ¼” long and an important food for squirrels, chipmunks and other wildlife. Early settlers named the species “pignut” because their hogs loved to eat the nuts.This striking shade tree turns a bright yellow for great fall color!* Interesting bark* Pear shaped nuts* Hard wood* Food for wildlife.